Accessibility and Section 508
The Americans with Disabilities Act was passed by the United States Congress in 1990 to ensure “access to employment, state and local government programs and services, access to places of public accommodations, transportation, non-profits service providers and telecommunications” for people with disabilities. Websites of state and local governments fall in the category of “public services” under Title II of the ADA, which means that extra steps have to be taken to ensure that people with disabilities can still access the resources of those websites.
Section 508 (1998) is part of the rehabilitation act and requires that when Federal agencies develop, procure, maintain, or use electronic and information technology, Federal employees with disabilities have access to and use of information and data that is comparable to the access and use by Federal employees who are not individuals with disabilities, unless an undue burden would be imposed on the agency. Section 508 also requires that individuals with disabilities, who are members of the public seeking information or services from a Federal agency, have access to and use of information and data that is comparable to that provided to the public who are not individuals with disabilities, unless an undue burden would be imposed on the agency.
WCAG (Web Content Accessibility Guidelines)
The W3C is an international, vendor-neutral group that determines the protocols and standards for the web. They create the specifications for HTML, CSS, etc. The goal of Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) is to develop these accessibility standards. WAI working groups develop accessibility standards for web browsers, authoring tools, evaluation tools, and web content, to name a few. The Web Content Work Group’s standards are called the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) and are divided in to three levels of conformance: A, AA, and AAA.
- Allsopp, John, “A Dao of Web Design” (https://www.alistapart.com/articles/dao), 04/07/2000.
- Bottitta, Tito “How to Approach a Responsive Design” 01/26/2012.
- Byers, Josh, “Mobile Responsive Design: The Flexible Grid” 11/29/2011.
- Cederholm, Dan, “CSS3 for Web Designers”, A Book Apart, 2010.
- Clarke, Andy, “Hardboiled Web Design”, Five Simple Steps, 08/2010.
- Coyier, Chris, “On Responsive Images” (http://css-tricks.com/on-responsive-images), 04/06/2012.
- Coyier, Chris, “Responsive Data Table Roundup” (http://css-tricks.com/responsive-data-table-roundup), 01/11/2012.
- Coyier, Chris, “Which responsive images solution should you use?” (http://css-tricks.com/which-responsive-images-solution-should-you-use), 05/11/2012.
- Doyle, Matt, “Master Mobile Web Apps with JQuery Mobile”, Elated Communications Ltd, 08/2011.
- Frost, Brad, “Mobile-first responsive web design ” (http://bradfrostweb.com/blog/web/mobile-first-responsive-web-design), 06/19/2011.
- Frost, Brad, “Responsive Navigation Patterns” (http://bradfrostweb.com/blog/web/responsive-nav-patterns), 02/24/2012.
- Gallagher, Nicholas, “Responsive images using CSS3” (http://nicolasgallagher.com/responsive-images-using-css3), 05/19/2011.
- Goldstein, A., Lazaris, L. & Weyl, E. “HTML5 & CSS3 for the Real World”, Sitepoint, 2011.
- Grigsby, Jason, “Other Mobile First Responsive Web Design Challenges” (http://blog.cloudfour.com/other-mobile-first-responsive-web-design-challenges), 10/10/2011.
- Grigsby, Jason, “The real conflict behind <picture> and @srcset” (http://blog.cloudfour.com/the-real-conflict-behind-picture-and-srcset), 05/21/2012.
- Gustafson, Aaron, “Adaptive Web Design: Crafting Rich Experiences with Progressive Enhancement”, Easy Readers, 2011.
- Jacobs, D. and Gasston, P., “50 fantastic tools for responsive web design” (http://www.netmagazine.com/features/50-fantastic-tools-responsive-web-design), 04/24/2012.
- Jung, Jean-Baptiste, “Tips and best practices to develop responsive websites” (http://www.catswhocode.com/blog/tips-and-best-practices-to-develop-responsible-websites), 05/14/2012.
- Kirkbridge, Lindsey, “Responsive Web Design, Mobile First, and the Future of Content Consumption” 11/09/2011.
- Lardon, Gino, “Thoughts about responsive web form design” 01/25/2012.
- Lister, Tammie, “Mobile first – the right way to do responsive design” 10/31/2011.
- Marcotte, Ethan, “Fluid Grids” (https://www.alistapart.com/articles/fluidgrids), 03/03/2009.
- Marcotte, Ethan, “Fluid Image” (https://www.alistapart.com/articles/fluid-images), 06/07/2011.
- Marcotte, Ethan, “Responsive Web Design”, A Book Apart, 2011.
- Marcotte, Ethan, “Responsive Web Design” (https://www.alistapart.com/articles/responsive-web-design), 05/25/2010.
- Marquis, Mat, “Responsive Images: How they Almost Worked and What We Need” (https://www.alistapart.com/articles/responsive-images-how-they-almost-worked-and-what-we-need), 01/31/2012.
- Marquis, Mat, “Responsive Images and Web Standards at the Turning Point” (https://www.alistapart.com/articles/responsive-images-and-web-standards-at-the-turning-point), 05/15/2012.
- Mitchell, Mark, “Design for the changing web: Responsive Web Design” (https://studio.headshift.com/2011/05/10/ design-for-the-changing-web-responsive-web-design), 08/09/2011.
- Moll, Cameron, “Mobile Web Design”, 2011.
- Rieger, Bryan, “Rethinking the Mobile Web” 09/10/2010.
- Rieger, Bryan, slides: “Muddling Through the Mobile Web” (http://www.slideshare.net/yiibu/muddling-through-the-mobile-web), 05/13/2011.
- Rieger, Bryan, slides: “Rethinking the Mobile Web by Yiibu” (http://www.slideshare.net/bryanrieger/rethinking-the-mobile-web-by-yiibu), 09/10/2010.
- Rieger, Stephanie, slides: “Pragmatic responsive design” (http://www.slideshare.net/yiibu/pragmatic-responsive-design), 09/12/2011.
- Riggan, Mark, slides: “Mobile first responsive web design” (http://www.slideshare.net/MarkRiggan/mobile-first-responsive-web-design), 12/05/2011.
- Tan, Chui C., “Mobile Form Design Strategies” (http://www.uxbooth.com/blog/mobile-form-design-strategies), 03/13/2011.
- Uggedal, Eivind “Media Queries: A collection of inspirational websites using media queries and responsive web design (http://mediaqueri.es/).
- Walton, Trent, “Content Choreography” (http://trentwalton.com/2011/07/14/content-choreography), 07/14/2011.
- Wilcox, Matthew, “Adaptive Images” (video) (http://vimeo.com/38947881), 03/2012.
- Wroblewski, Luke, “Mobile First”, A Book Apart, 2011.
- Wroblewski, Luke, “Mobile First Helps with Big Issues” (https://www.lukew.com/ff/entry.asp?1117), 06/04/2010.
- Wroblewski, Luke, “Mobile First: One Year Later” (https://www.lukew.com/ff/entry.asp?1249), 11/30/2011.
- Wroblewski, Luke, “Multi-Device Web Design: An Evolution” (https://www.lukew.com/ff/entry.asp?1436), 11/01/2011.